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FACP. Colegio de médicos de Tarragona Nº 4305520 / fgcapriles@gmail.com




Saturday, June 15, 2013

Epistaxis: tratamiento y suministros

Continuing Medical Education - ACEP News - June 2009 
"Epistaxis is one of the most common ear, nose, and throat emergencies, with an estimated 60% lifetime incidence rate for an individual person. Of this group, approximately 6% seek medical care to stop the bleeding. Epistaxis has a bimodal age distribution, with most cases in children 2-10 years old and adults 50-80 years old. Certain high-risk groups, such as the elderly, require rapid intervention to stem bleeding and prevent further complications.
The treatment of epistaxis has undergone significant changes in recent years. Gone are the days when an uncomfortable nasal pack is inserted, with rebleeding upon removal several days later fairly common. New packing devices and ingenious hemostatic agents have been developed to provide a variety of effective and well-tolerated treatment options.
Treatment of any patient with epistaxis starts with ensuring a secure airway and hemodynamic stability. Ninety percent of nosebleeds are anterior and can be controlled by pinching the anterior aspect of the nose. While awaiting physician evaluation, the triage nurse can place a clamping device constructed of four tongue blades secured together by 1-inch tape over Kiesselbach's plexus, the anterior portion of the nasal septum where there is an anastomotic network of vessels. Evaluation and treatment of epistaxis is expedited by having all of the supplies available in the patient's room (see "Epistaxis Box Supplies"). Good lighting, such as a headlight, is essential and keeps both hands free."
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