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FACP. Colegio de médicos de Tarragona Nº 4305520 / fgcapriles@gmail.com




Wednesday, August 13, 2014

Fractura de pelvis

August 11, 2014 - SOBROEM - by Jonathan Lee, MD
"Pelvic structures are held together by the strong ligamentous connections surrounding it; this is disrupted in pelvic fractures. Keep in mind that the internal iliac vessels and the lumbosacral plexus are intimately associated with posterior pelvic ligaments.
MORTALITY RATE 15-25% for closed fractures, as much as 50% for open fractures… most commonly caused by hemorrhage. The pelviscan hold up to 3-4 liters of blood (nearly HALF your body’s blood volume!)"...

"So when you check your pelvis x-ray, quickly MEASURE to see if there is >2.5cm displacement of the symphysis pubis and >1cm displacement between he sacroiliac joints! This may not only point you towards disposition (surgery vs. conservative management) but also indicates to what degree of bleeding to expect. More displacement = More sheering of vessels.
Keep in mind that 80-90% of pelvic fracture bleeds are venous. Yes, they may be brisk bleeds that present to your trauma room hypotensive, but they can also be slow bleeds. So if your patient stays in your ER longer than intended, make sure you get serial H/H’s."

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