Tuesday, March 17, 2015

Sepsis: tratamiento agresivo y precoz

R.E.B.E.L.EM - March 16, 2015 - By Salim Rezaie
"There are more than 750,000 cases of severe sepsis and septic shock in the US each year. Most patients who present with sepsis receive their initial care in the emergency department. In 2001, there was a landmark study by Rivers et al that reported that among patients with severe sepsis or septic shock mortality was significantly lower among those who received a 6 hour protocol of Early Goal-Directed Therapy (EGDT) (i.e. 30.5% vs 46.5%). The premise of EGDT was that “usual care” lacked aggressive, timely assessment and treatment. The EGDT protocol used central venous catheterization (CVC) to monitor central venous pressure (CVP) and central venous oxygen saturation (SCVO2) to guide the use of intravenous fluids (IVFs), vasopressors, packed red blood cell (PRBC) transfusions, and dobutamine in order to achieve pre-specified physiological targets. Since the publication of this landmark article, physicians have become more aggressive in the management of sepsis which raises the question of whether all elements of the protocol are still necessary."