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FACP. Colegio de médicos de Tarragona Nº 4305520 / fgcapriles@gmail.com

WORLD EMERGENCY MEDICINE SOCIETIES & RELATED

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lunes, 1 de julio de 2019

Fournier’s Gangrene

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emDocs - July 1, 2019 - Authors: Montrief T; Auerbach J. Edited by: Koyfman A and Long B
"Take Home Points
  • Fournier’s gangrene is most likely to present in an obese male patient between the ages of 50 and 79 years of age, with one or more risk factors –immunosuppression, alcohol use disorder, or diabetes.
  • Fascial anatomy plays an important role in the pathophysiology of Fournier’s gangrene. The Colles fascia remains continuous with other surrounding fascial planes, facilitating rapid spread towards the abdomen and thorax (via Scarpa’s fascia), as well as the scrotum (via Buck’s and Dartos fascia).
  • The most common sources of Fournier’s gangrene arise from the gastrointestinal tract (30-50%), genitourinary tract (20-40%), and cutaneous injuries (20%).
  • Up to 80% of FG cases are polymicrobial, with an average of four organisms per patient.
  • FG is often misdiagnosed as cellulitis or abscess in 75% of cases, and any crepitus, pain out of proportion, or ecchymosis should clue you in to possible FG.
  • The Laboratory Risk Indicator for Necrotizing Fasciitis (LRINEC) score may suggest the presence of NSTI, however, it should not be used to exclude the diagnosis of FG.
  • CT has a sensitivity of 88.5% and specificity of 93.3% for the diagnosis of Fournier’s gangrene. MRI is more sensitive but may not be available and takes longer to obtain.
  • The cornerstones of treatment of FG include emergent surgical debridement of all necrotic tissue, broad-spectrum antibiotics, and hemodynamic resuscitation with intravenous fluids as well as vasoactive medications as needed."